074 Spanish Passive Voice


In passive sentences, the subject receives the action of the verb.  In active sentences, the subject does the action.  However, the meaning of both sentences is the same.  The passive voice in Spanish is formed with a tense of ser and a past participle.  Ser should be in the same tense as the verb in its corresponding active sentence.  The agent is expressed by por if the action is physical; and by de if mental.  The past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject.  If you use estar instead of ser, the past participle is called the predicate adjective and it is not a passive sentence.

Active El viento destruye la casa. The wind destroys the house.
Passive La casa fue destruida por el viento. The house was destroyed by the wind.
Predicate Adjective Cuando la vi, la casa estaba destruida. When I saw it, the house was destroyed.

El niño fue castigado por su padre.  The boy was punished by his father.
Rosa es amada por todos.  Rose is loved by everyone.

Links

http://www.ielanguages.com/spanish4.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByJ-I4o9_qo

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQtUOXjNSlU

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dj8rjbFtLnM

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Gu_GIvGE5A

Next: 075 Uses of the Infinitive

Spanish Index

Word Document at: 074 Spanish Passive Voice

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s