235 Spanish Chemistry Terms


absolute alcohol  – alcohol absoluto

absolute temperature scale – escala absoluta de temperatura

absolute zero – cero absoluto

absorbency – absorbancia

absorption – absorcion

absorption coefficient – coefficiente de absorcion

absorption plant – planta de absorcion

absorption tube – tubo de absorcion

absorptivity – absortividad

accelerated filtration – filtracion acelerada

accelerating agent – agente de aceleracion

accelerator – acelerador

accelofilter – filtro acelerado

acceptor – aceptor

accuracy – exactitud

acetaldehyde – acetaldehodo

acetone – acetona

acetylene – acetileno

acetylene series  – serie acetilonica

acid – acido

acidic – acido

acid anhydride – anhidrido acido

acid-base indicator – indicador acido-base

acid-base neutralization  – neutralizacion acido-base

acid-base titration – titulacion (valoracion) acido-base

acid radical – radical acido

acid rain – lluvia ocida

acid salt – sal ocida

acid treating – tratamiento acido

acidification – acidulacion

acidimeter – acidometro

acidity – acidez

action – accion

actinide series – serie actonida

actinium  – actinio

actinochemistry – quimica del actinio

active complex – complejo activado

activity support – soporte de la actividad

activated support – soporte activado

activated water – agua activada

activation – activacion

activation energy –  energia de activacion

activator – activador

active centers – centros activos

addition agent – agente de adicion

addition polymer – polomero de adicion

addition reaction – reaccion de adicion

adhesive – adhesivo

adiabatic calorimeter calorometro adiabotico

adiabatic flame temperature – temperatura de llama adiabotica

adion

adsorbent  – adsorbente

adsorption  – adsorcion

adsorption isobar – isobara de adsorcion

adsorption isotherm – isoterma de adsorcion

agent – agente

air pressure – presion del aire

alcohol – alcohol

aldehyde – aldehodo

alicyclic hydrocarbons – hidrocarburo alicoclico

aliphatic hydrocarbons – hidrocarburo alifotico

alkalescence – alcalescencia

alkali – alcali

alkali metal – metal alcalino

alkane – alcano

alkane derivative – derivado de alcano

alkaline – alcalino

alkaline earth metal – meta alcalino-torreo

alkene – alqueno

alkyl – alquilo

alkyne – alquino

allene – aleno

allotrope – alotropo

allotropy – alotropoa

alloy – aleacion

alpha emission – emission alfa

alpha particle – particula alfa

alternating current – corriente alterna

alum – alumbre

alumina – oxido de aluminio

aluminum – aluminio

amalgam – amalgama

amino acid – amino acido

ammonia – amoniaco

ammonia liquor – licor de amoniaco

ammonification – amonificacion

ammonium – amonio

amperometry – amperometroa

amphiprotic – anfiprotico

amphoteric – anfotorico

amphoterism – anfoterismo

analysis – analisis

analyst – analista

analytical balance – balanza analitica

analytical chemisty – quimica analitica

analytical reagent – reactivo analitico

anhydride – anhidrido

angle – angulo

angstrom – angstremo

anhydrous – anhidro

anion – anion

anode – onodo

antacid – antiacido

antienzyme – antienzima

antichlor – anticloro

antifebrin – antifiebrina

antifoaming agent – agente antiespumante

antimatter – antimateria

antifreeze  – anticongelante

antimony – antimonio

antioxidant – antioxidante

antiseptic – antiseptico

aqua – agua

aqua regia – agua regia

aqueous – acuoso

argon – argon

aromatic – aromotico

arsenic – arsenico

arsenic trioxide – trioxido de arsonico

arsenical – arsenical

arsenide – arseniuro

artificial radioactivity – radioactividad artificial

assistant – asistente

association – asociacion

atmosphere – atmosfera

atmosphere pressure

presion atmosforica

atom – atomo

atomic absorption spectrometry – espectrometroa de absorcion atomica

atomic bond – enlace atomico

atomic mass – masa atomica

atomic mass unit – unidad de masa atomica

atomic number – numero atomico

atomic pile – pila atomica

atomic radius – radio atomico

atomic weight – peso atomico

attraction – atraccion

Avogadro’s number (6o022 * 10^23) – nomero de Avogadro (6o022*10^23)

azeotropic – azeotropico

baking powder – polvo de hornear

baking soda – soda de hornear

balance – balanza

balanced equation – equacion balanceada

barium – bario

barium carbonate – carbonato de bario

barium chloride – cloruro de bario

barium nitrate – nitrato de bario

barium sulfate – sulfato de bario

barometer – barometro

barometric pressure – presion baromotrica

base – base

basic anhydride – anhidrido basico

battery – pila

bauxite – bauxita

beaker – vaso de beaker

beneficiation – beneficiacion

benzaldehyde – benzaldehodo

benzene ring – anillo benconico

benzene series – serie benconica

benzenesulfonic acid – acido benzenosulfonico

benzenoid – benzenoide

benzidine – bencidina

benzoic acid – acido benzoico

benzyl alcohol – alcohol bencolico

berkelium – berquelio

beryllium – berilio

beta particle – particula beta

binary compound – compuesto binario

binder – aglutinante, ligante

binding energy – energia de aglutinacion, ligazon

biochemical – bioquimico

bismuth – bismuto

bleach – lejoa

blowing agent – agente de soplado

boiler scale – balanza de caldera

boiling – hirviente

boiling point – punto de ebullicion

boiling point elevation – elevacion del punto de ebullicion

bond – enlace

bond angle – angulo de enlace

bond energy – energia de enlace

bonding – enlace

borax – borax

boric acid – acido borico

boroflouride – fluoruro de boro

boron – boro

boron carbide – carburo de boro

boron hydride – hidruro de boro

boron nitride – nitruro de boro

borosilicate – borosilicato

bottle – botella

Boyle’s Law – Ley de Boyle

brake fluid – fluido (liquido) de frenos

branch-chain – cadena ramificada

brass – laton

brazing – soldadura dura

breeder reactor – reactor generador de neutrones

bright line spectrum – espectro de lineas brillantes

brine – salmuera

bromine – bromo

bronze – bronce

buffer – solucion buffer o amortiguadora

Bunsen burner – quemador de Bunsen

burette – bureta

burning – quemando

butane – butano

butanediol – butanodiol

butanol – butanol

butene – buteno

butyl –  butilo

butyl alcohol – alcohol butolico

butyl rubber – goma butolica

butyric acid – acido butorico

cadmium – cadmio

calcination – calcinacion

calcite – calcita

calcium – calcio

calcium carbide – carburo de calcio

calcium carbonate – carbonato de calcio

calcium chloride – cloruro de calcio

calcium hydroxide – hidroxido de calcio

calcium hypochlorite – hipoclorito de calcio

calcium oxide – oxido de calcio

calcium phosphate – fosfato de calcio

calcium sulfate – sulfato de calcio

californium – californio

calomel – calomel

calorie – caloria

calorimeter – calorometro

calorimetry – calorimetria

camphor – alcanfor

capacity – capacidad

carbene – carbeno

carbide – carburo

carbocyclic – carbococlico

carbohydrate – carbohidrato

carbolic acid – acido carbolico

carbon – carbono

carbon black – negro de carbono

carbon cycle – ciclo del carbono

carbon dioxide – dioxido de carbono

carbon disulfide – disulfuro de carbono

carbon monoxide – monoxido de carbono

carbon tetrachloride – tetracloruro de carbono

carbonate – carbonato

carbonic acid – acido carbonico

carbonide – carbonuro

carboxyl – carboxolico

carboxylic acid – acido carboxolico

carburetion – carburacion

carcinogen – carcinogonico

carrier – transportador

catalyst – catalizador

catenate – catenado

cathode – cotodo

cathode ray – rayo catodico

cation – cation

cell – colula

celtium – celtio

Celsius scale – escala Celsius

centi – centi

centimeter – centimetro

centrifugation – centrifugacion

centrifuge – centrofuga

cerium – cerio

cesium – cesio

chain – cadena

chain reaction – reaccion en cadena

change – cambio

chelate – quelato

chemical bond – enlace quimico

chemical change – cambio quimico

chemical equation – ecuacion quimica

chemical equilibrium – equilibrio quimico

chemical property – propiedad quimica

chemical reaction – reaccion quimica

chemisorption – quemisorcion

chemistry – quimica

chlorate – clorato

chloride – cloruro

chlorine – cloro

chlorine dioxide – dioxido de cloro

chlorite – clorito

chloroform – cloroformo

chlorohydrin – clorhidrina

chromatography – cromatografoa

chrome green – verde cromo

chromic acid – acido cromico

chromium – cromo

chromium sulfate – sulfato de cromo

circuit – circuito

citric acid – acido cotrico

clamp – abrazadera

classical mechanics – mecanica clasica

clay – arcilla

cobalt – cobalto

coefficients – coeficientes

colligative properties – propiedades coligativas

collision – colision

colloid chemistry – quimica coloidal

colorant – colorante

colorimetry – colorimetroa

columbium – columbio

combination – combinacion

combined gas laws – leyes de los gases combinadas

combustion – combustion

commonion effect – efecto del ion comon

complex – complejo

complex ion – ion complejo

component – componente

composite – compuesto

composition – composicion

compound – compuesto

compressed gas – gas comprimido

concentrated solution – solucion concentrada

concentration – concentracion

conceptual definition – definicion conceptual

condensation – condensacion

condensation polymer – polomero de condensacion

condensation reaction – reaccion de condensacion

conduction – conduccion

conductivity – conductividad

conductor – conductor

configuration – configuracion

configurational formula – formula configuracional

conformation – conformacion

Congo Red – rojo congo

conjugate pair – par conjugado

conservation – conservacion

conservation of change – conservacion del cambio

constant – constante

constant composition law – ley de las composiciones fijas

constituent – constituyente

container – contenedor

contaminant – contaminante

continuous spectrum – espectro contonuo

controlled equipment – equipo controlado

conservation factor – gfactor de conservacion

coordinate covalent bond – enlace covalente coordinado

copolymer – copolomero

copper – cobre

cork – corcho

corrosion – corrosion

covalence – covalencia

covalent bond – enlace covalente

covalent molecule – molecula covalente

cover – cobertura

cracking – craqueo

cresol – cresol

critical mass – masa critica

critical point – punto critico

critical pressure – presion critica

critical temperature – temperatura critica

crucible – crisol

crystal – cristal

crystallization – cristalizacion

cubic centimeter – centimetro  cobico

curium – curio

current – corriente

curve – curva

cyanogen – cianogeno

cyclic compoud – compuesto coclico

cycloalkane – cicloalcano

cycloalkene – cicloalqueno

cyclohexane – ciclohexano

cyclotron – ciclotron

data – datos

decay – desintegracion

decomposition – descomposicion

decrepitation – decrepitacion

definition – definicion

dehydrating agent – agente deshidratante

dehydration – deshidratacion

dehydrogenation – deshidrogenacion

deionized water – agua desionizada

deliquescence – delicuescencia

delivery tube – tubo de entrega

denatured alcohol – alcohol desnaturalizado

density – densidad

depression – depresion

derivative – derivado

destructive distillation – destilacion destructiva

detergent – detergente

deuterium – deuterio

deuteron – deuteron

developing agent – agente revelador

dextrorotatory – destrorotatorio

dialysis – dialisis

diamond – diamante

diatomic gas – gas diatomico

diborane – diborano

dicarboxylic acid – acido dicarboxolico

diethylamine – dietilamina

dihydroxy alcohol – alcohol dihidroxolico

diluent – diluyente

dilute solution – solucion diluoda

dimethylketone – dimetilcetona

dinitrobenzene – dinitrobenceno

diolefin – diolefina

dioxide – dioxido

dipole – dipolo

direct combination – combinacion directa

direct combustion reaction – reaccion de combustion directa

direct current – corriente directa

displacement – desplazamiento

displacement series – series de desplazamiento

disproportionation – desproporcionamiento

dissociation – disociacon

distillate – destilado

distillation – destilacion

dolomite – dolomita

donor – donante

dope – aditivo

dot diagram – diagrama de puntos

double bond – enlace doble

double-pan balance – balanza de doble plato

ductility – ductilidad

dynamic equilibrium – equilibrio dinomico

dysprosium – disprosio

effective collision – colision efectiva

effervescence – efervescencia

efflorescence – eflorescencia

Einsteinium – einstenio

electric current – corriente electrica

electrical conductivity – conductivdad eloctrica

electrochemical – electroquimico

electrochemical cell – celda electroquimica

electrochemistry – electroquimica

electrode – electrodo

electrodeposition – electrodeposicion

electrolysis – electrolisis

electrolyte – electrolito

electrolytic conduction – conduccion electrolotica

electrolyze – electrolizar

electromagnetic spectrum – espectro electromagnotico

electromotive force – fuerza electromotriz

electromotive series – series electromotrices

electron – electron

electron configuration – configuracion electronica

electronegative – electronegativo

electronegativity – electronegatividad

electroplating – electroplatear

electropositive – electropositivo

electrostatic force – fuerza electrostotica

electrovalence – electrovalencia

electrovalent bonding – enlace electrovalente

element – elemento

elevation – elevacion

empirical formula – formula empirica

emulsion – emulsion

endothermic reaction – reaccion endotormica

endpoint – punto final

energy – energia

energy level – nivel de energia

enthalpy – entalpia

entropy – entropia

enzyme – enzima

epoxy resin – resina epoxi

equation – ecuacion

equilibrium – equilibrio

equilibrium constant – constante de equilibrio

equipment – equipo

equivalent – equivalente

equivalent masses – masas equivalentes

erbium – erbio

Erlenmeyer flask – frasco de Erlenmeyer

ester – ester

esterification – esterificacion

ethanal – etanal

ethane – etano

ethanolamine
– etanolamina

ethene – eteno

ether – eter

ethyl – etilo

ethyl acetate – acetato de etilo

ethyl alcohol – alcohol etelico

ethyl ether – eter etelico

ethylamine – etilamina

ethylbenzene – etilbenceno

ethylene bromide – bromuro de etileno

ethylene dichloride – dicloruro de etileno

ethylene glycol – etilen glicol

Europium – europio

eutectic – eutoctico

evaporation – evaporacion

excited state – estado excitado

exothermic reaction – reaccion exotormica

experiment – experimento

explosive – explosivo

expression – expresion

extensive properties – propiedades extensivas

external circuit – circuito externo

extinguishing agent – agente extinguidor

extraction – extraccion

factice – factico

family – familia

fat – grasa

fatty acid – acido graso

fatty alcohol – alcohol graso

feedstock – materia prima

fermentation – fermentacion

fermentation tube – tubo de fermentacion

fermium – fermio

ferric – ferrico

ferroalloy – aleacion ferrica

ferrous – ferroso

ferrous sulfate – sulfato ferroso

fiber – fibra

file – fichero

filler – relleno

filtrate – filtrado

filtration – filtracion

fission – fision

fission reactor – reactor de fision

fixed – fijo

flame – llama

flammable material – material inflamable

florence flask – frasco de florescencia

flowdiagram – diagrama de flujo

flouride – fluoruro

fluorine – floor

fluorocarbon – fluorocarbono

flourspar – fluorospato

flux – flujo

force – fuerza

forensic chemistry – quimica forense

formaldehyde – formaldeodo

formation – formacion

formic acid – acido formico

formula – formula

formula mass – masa formula

fossil – fosil

fractional distillation – destiacion fraccionada

Francium – francio

free energy – energia libre

free radical – radical libre

freezing – congelacion

freezing point – punto de congelacion

freezing point depression – disminucion del punto de congelacion

frequency – frecuencia

fuel – combustible

functional group – grupo funcional

fundamental particle – particula fundamental

funnel – embudo

fuse – fusible

fused salt – sal fundida

fusible alloy – alecion fusible

fusion – fusion

fusion reactor – reactor de fusion

gadolinium – gadolinio

gallium – galio

gallium arsenide – arsenuro de galio

galvanizing – galvanizacion

gamma rays – rayos gama

garnet – granate

gas – gas

gasification – gasificacion

gasoline – gasolina

gas phase – fase gaseosa

gel – gel

geochemistry – geoquimica

geometric isomer – isomero geomotrico

germanium – germanio

glass – vidrio

glass electrode – electrodo de vidrio

glassware – cristaleroa

glucose – glucosa

glue – goma

glyceride – glicorido

glycerin – glicerina

glycerol – glicerol

glycol – glicol

glycols – glicoles

goggles – espejuelos de proteccion

gold – oro

graduated beaker – vaso graduado

graduated cylinder – probeta

graduated pipette – pipeta graduada

graphite – grafito

gram – gramo

gram atomic mass – masa atomica en gramos

gram equivalent mass – masa equivalente en gramos

gram molecular mass – masa molecular en gramos

gram molecular volume – volumen molecular en gramos

gravimetric analysis – analisis gravimotrico

gravity – gravedad

grease – grasa

ground state – estado bosico

group – grupo

guncotton – algodon de mecha

gypsum – yeso

hafnium – hafnio

half-life – semivida

half-reaction – semireaccion

halogens – halogenos

hardness – dureza

hard water – agua dura

heat – calor

heat exchange – intercambio de calor

heat of combustion – calor de combustion

heat of condensation – calor de condensacion

heat of crystallization – calor de cristalizacion

heat of dilution – calor de dilucion

heat of formation – calor de formacion

heat of fusion – calor de fusion

heat of hydration – calor de hidratacion

heat of reaction – calor de reaccion

heat of sublimation – calor de sublimacion

heat of solution – calor de solucion

heat of transition – calor de transicion

heat of vaporization – calor de vaporizacion

heat transfer – transferencia de calor

heavy hydrogen – hidrogeno pesado

heavy water – agua pesada

helium – helio

heterocyclic – heterococlico

heterogeneous mixture – mezcla heterogonea

heterogeneous reaction – reaccion heterogonea

hertz – hertzio

high polymer – alto polomero

holmium – holmio

homocyclic – homococlico

homogeneous mixture – mezcla homogonea

homogeneous reaction – reaccion homogonea

homogenization – homogenizacion

homologous series – serie homologa

homopolymer – homopolomero

hot-melt – fundido caliente

humectant – humectante

hybridization – hibridizacion

hydrate – hidrato

hydration – hidratacion

hydride – hidruro

hydrocarbon – hidrocarburo

hydrochloric acid – acido clorhodrico

hydrocyanic – hidrocionico

hydrocolloid – hidrocoloide

hydrogen – hidrogeno

hydrogenation – hidrogenacion

hydrogen bomb – bomba de hidrogeno

hydrogen chloride – cloruro de hidrogeno

hydrogen cyanide – cianuro de hidrogeno

hydrogen fluoride – fluoruro de hidrogeno

hydrogen iodide – ioduro de hidrogeno

hydrogen peroxide – peroxido de hidrogeno

hydrogen sulfide – sulfuro de hidrogeno

hydrogenolysis – hidrogenolisis

hydrolysis – hidrolisis

hydrolysis constant – constante de hidrolisis

hydronium ion – ion hidronio

hydrophilic – hidrofolico

hydrophobic – hidrofobico

hydroxyl group – grupo hidroxilo

hygroscopic – higroscopico

hypochlorous acid – acido hipocloroso

hypothesis – hipotesis

ideal gas – gas ideal

identity period – periodo de identidad

immiscible – inmiscible

impermeable – impermeable

impingement black – negro de impacto

impregnation – impregnacion

increment – incremento

impurity – impureza

Indanthrene Blue – azul de indantreno

Indian Red – rojo indio

indium – indio

indicator – indicador

industrial alcohol – alcohol industrial

inert – inerte

inertia – inercia

industrial diamonds – diamantes industriales

inflammable – inflamable

infrared spectroscopy – espectroscopoa infrarroja

inhibitor – inhibidor

initiating explosive – explosivo iniciante

inorganic – inorgonico

inorganic analysis – analisis inorgonico

inorganic chemistry – quimica inorgonica

insecticide – insecticida

instrumental analysis – analisis instrumental

insulin – insulina

intensive properties – propiedades intensivas

interionic attraction – atracciones interionicas

interface – interfase

intermediate – intermediario

intermetallic compound – compuesto intermetolico

internal circuit – circuito interno

interstitial – intersticial

iodine – iodo

ion – ion

ion-exchange reaction – reaccion de intercambio ionico

ion-product – producto ionico

ion-product constant of water – constante del producto ionico del agua

ionic conduction – conduccion ionica

ionic bonding – enlace ionico

ionization – ionizacion

ionization constant – constante de ionizacion

ionization energy – energia de ionizacion

ionization potential – potencial de ionizacion

ionogen – ionogonico

iridium – iridio

iron – hierro

Iron Blue – azul de hierro

iron oxide – oxido de hierro

irreversible – irreversible

isolation – aislamiento

isomer – isomero

isomerization – isomerizacion

isopropyl alcohol – alcohol isopropolico

isotactic – isotoctico

isotope – isotopo

isotropic – isotropico

IUPAC system – sistema de IUPAC

ivory black – negro marfil

joule – julio

Kelvin scale – escala Kelvin

kerosene – queroseno

ketone – cetona

kilogram – kilogramo

kinetic energy – energia cinotica

kinetic theory – teoroa cinotica

kinetics – cinotica

krypton – kripton

laboratory burner – mechero de laboratorio

lactic acid – acido loctico

lactone – lactona

lake – lago

lanthanide series – serie lantonida

lanthanum – lantano

latent heat – calor latente

latent solvent – solvente latente

lattice – retoculo

law of conservation of mass – ley de conservacion de masa

Lawrencium – laurencio

lead – plomo

lead chromate – cromato de plomo

level – nivel

light metal – metal ligero

lime – cal

limestone – piedra caliza

lipid – lopido

liquefication – licuacion

liquid crystal – cristal liquido

liquid phase – fase loquida

liquor – licor

liter – litro

litharge – litargirio

lithium – litio

litmus paper – papel de tornasol

lutetium – lutecio

lye – lejoa

lyophilic – liofolico

macroanalysis – macroanalisis

macromolecule – macromolecula

magma – magma

magnalium – magnalio

magnesia – magnesia

magnesite – magnesita

magnesium – magnesio

magneson – magneson

magnet – magneto

magnetite – magnetita

magnetochemistry – magnetoquimica

meniscus – menisco

maltose – maltosa

manganese – manganeso

manganese dioxide – dioxido de manganeso

manganic oxide – oxido mangonico

mannitol – manitol

manometer – manometro

mass – masa

mass action – accion de masas

mass conservation – conservacion de la masa

mass number – numero de masa

matter – materia

mechanics – mecanica

mechanism – mecanismo

medicine dropper – gotero medicinal

melting – fundir

melting point – punto de fusion

mendelevium – mendelevio

meniscus – menisco

mercury – mercurio

mesh – malla

metal – metal ligero

metallic bond – enlace metolico

metallic conduction – conduccion metolica

metalloid – metaloide

metallurgy – metalurgia

methanol – metanol

methyl – metil

methyl alcohol – alcohol metolico

methylamine – metilamina

microanalysis – microanalisis

milli – mili

milliliter – mililitro

mineral – mineral

mineral acid – acido mineral

mineral water – agua mineral

mixture – mezcla

miscible – miscible

moderator – moderador

Molal boiling point constant – constante molal del punto de ebullicion

Molal freezing point constant – constante molal del punto fusion

molality – molalidad

molar solution – solucion molar

molar volume – volumen molar

molarity – molaridad

molecular – molecular

molecular formula – formula molecular

molecular mass – masa molecular

molecular sieve – tamiz molecular

Mole – mol

molecule – molecula

molybdenum – molibdeno

monomer – monomero

monomolecular – monomolecular

naphtha – nafta

naphthalene – naftaleno

natural gas – gas natural

neodymium – neodimio

neon – neon

Neptunium – neptunio

Nernst distribution law – ley de distribucion de Nernst

Nernst equation – ecuacion de Nernst

net potential – potential de red

neutral red – rojo neutral

neutral solution – solucion neutra

neutralization – neutralizacion

neutralization equivalent – equivalente de neutralizacion

neutron – neutron

niacin – niacina

nickel – niquel

niobium – niobio

nitrate – nitrate

nitration – nitracion

nitric acid – acido nitrico

nitric anhydride – anhidrido nitrico

nitric oxide – oxido nitrico

nitride – nitruro

nitriding – nitrificacion

nitrile – nitrilo

nitrogen – nitrogeno

nitrogen family – familia del nitrogeno

nitroglycerin – nitroglicerina

nitrous acid – acido nitroso

Nobel, Alfred Bo – Alfredo Bo Nobel

Nobelium – nobelio

noble gas – gas noble

nomenclature – nomenclatura

nonelectrolyte – noelectrolito

nonmetal – nometal

nonpolar molecule – molecula apolar

normal boiling point – punto de ebullicion normal

normal salt – sal normal

normal solution – solucion normal

normality – normalidad

nuclear energy – energia nuclear

nuclear fission – fision nuclear

nuclear fuel – combustible nuclear

nuclear fusion – fusion nuclear

nuclear reaction – reaccion nuclear

nuclear reactor – reactor nuclear

nucleon – nucleon

nucleus – nucleo

number – numero

nylon – nylon

observed value – valor observado

octet – octeto

oil – aceite

olefin – olefina

one-hole stopper – tapon de un orificio

open chain – cadena abierta

operational definition – definicion operacional

optical – optico

optical rotation – rotacion optica

orbit – orbita

orbital – orbital

orbital pair – par orbital

order – orden

order of reaction – orden de reaccion

ore – mineral

organic – orgonico

organic chemistry – quimica orgonica

organic compound – compuesto orgonico

organometallic – organometolico

Osmium – osmio

osmosis – osmosis

oxalic acid – acido oxolico

oxidation – oxidacion

oxidation number – numero de oxidacion

oxidation potential – potencial de oxidacion

oxidation state – estado de oxidacion

oxide – oxido

oxidizing agent – agente oxidante

oxygen – oxigeno

oxygen acid – oxiacido

ozone – ozono

packing – embalaje

palladium – paladio

pair – par

paraffin series – serie parafonica

partial pressure – presion parcial

particle – particula

particle accelerator – acelerador de particulas

partition coefficient – coeficiente de particion

parts per million – partes por millon

Pascal – pascal

passivity – pasividad

peacock blue – azul pavo real

pentane – pentano

peptide – peptido

peptization – peptizacion

percentage by mass – percentaje en masa

percentage composition – composicion en percentaje

percent error – perciento de error

perchlorate – perclorato

perfect – perfecto

perfume – perfume

period – periodo

periodic – periodico

periodic law – ley periodica

periodic table – tabla periodica

peroxide – peroxido

petridish – placa petri

petroleum – petroleo

phase – fase

phase equilibrium – equilibrio de fase

pH meter – pH metro

phenol – fenol

phenolic – fenolico

phenolphthalide – fenolftaluro

phenyl – fenil

phosphorous – fosforo

photochemical oxidant – oxidante fotoquimico

photochemistry – fotoquimica

photoelectric colorimeter – colorometro fotoeloctrico

photon – foton

physical change – cambio fosico

physical equilibrium – equilibrio fosico

physical property – propiedad fisica

physical chemistry – quimica fisica

physiosorption – fisiosorcion

pigment – pigmento

pile – pila

pipe – tubo

pipe still – tubo de alambique

pipet(te) – pipeta

plastic – plastico

plasticizer – plastificante

plate theory – teoroa de los platos

platinum – platino

plutonium – plutonio

point – punto

pOH – pOH

poison – veneno

polar bond – enlace polar

polar molecule – molecula polar

polarization potential – potencial de polarizacion

polarographic – polarografico

polarographic analysis – analisis polarogrofico

polarographic apparatus – aparato polarogrofico

polarographic wave – onda polarografica

polonium – polonio

poly-  poli-

polybasic acid – acido polibosico

polycarbonate – policarbonato

polychloroprene – policloropreno

polycondensation – policondensacion

polycyclic – policoclico

polyelectrolyte – polielectrolito

polyester – poliester

polyethylene – polietileno

polyethylene glycols – polietilen glicol

polyglycol – poliglicol

polyhydric alcohol – alcohol polihodrico

polyisoprene – poliisopreno

polymer – polomero

polymerization – polimerizacion

polypropylene – polipropileno

polystyrene – poliestireno

polytetraflouro ethylene – politetrafluoroetileno

polyvinyl acetate – acetato de polivinilo

polyvinyl alcohol – alcohol polivinolico

polyvinyl chloride – cloruro de polivinilo

polyvinyl ether – eter polivinolico

porcelain – porcelana

porometric – porometrico

positron – positron

potash – potasa

potassium – potasio

potassium permanganate – permanganato de potasio

potential energy – energia potencial

potentiometric titration – titulacion potenciomotrica

powder metallurgy – metalurgia de polvo

praseodymium – praseodimio

precipitant – precipitante

precipitate – precipitar

precipitation – precipitacion

precipitation titration – titulacion por precipitacion

prepolymer – prepolomero

preservative – preservativo

prill – granulado

primary alcohol – alcohol primario

producer gas – gas producido

product – producto

Promethium – promecio

promoter – promotor

proof – prueba

property – propiedad

propionic acid – acido propionico

propyl – propilo

propylene – propileno

protactinium – protactinio

protolysis reaction – reaccion de protolisis

proton acceptor – aceptor de protones

proton donor – donante de protones

Prussian Blue – azul de prusia

purity – pureza

pyrites – piritas

pyrolysis – pirolisis

pyrrole – pirrol

pyruvic acid – acido pirovico

qualitative analysis – analisis cualitativo

quality control – control de calidad

quanta – cuantos

quantitative analysis – analisis cuantitativo

quartz – cuarzo

quinine – quinina

quinone – quinona

radiation – radiacion

radical – radical

radioactive decay – desintegracion radioactiva

radioactive series – serie radioactiva

radioactivity – radioactividad

radiocarbon – radiocarbon

radioisotope – radioisotopo

radium – radio

radius – radio

radon – radon

rare – raro

rare earth – tierra rara

rare gas – gases raros

rare metal – metales raros

rate-determining step – etapa determinante de la velocidad

ray – rayo

reactant – reaccionante

reaction mechanism – mecanismo de reaccion

reaction rate – velocidad de reaccion

reagent – reactivo

rearrangement – redistribucion

reaction – reaccion

reactor – reactor

reclaiming – recuperar

rectification – rectificacion

redox reaction – reaccion redox

reducing agent – agente de reduccion

reducing flame – llama reductora

reduction – reduccion

reduction potential – potencial de reduccion

refining – refinacion

reflux – reflujo

refrigerant – refrigerante

regeneration – regeneracion

reinforcing agent – agente de refuerzo

repellent – repelente

replacement – sustitucion

replication – replicacion

reversible reaction – reaccion reversible

Rhenium – renio

Rhodium – rodio

ribonucleic acid (RNA) – acido ribonucloico

ring – anillo

ring stand – soporte de anillo

ring structure – estructura de anillo

rod – barra

rubber – goma

Rubidium – rubidio

ruby – rubo

rust – herrumbre

Ruthenium – rutenio

saccharose – sacarosa

sal soda – sal sodica

salt – sal

salt bridge – puente salino

Samarium – samario

saponification – saponificacion

sapphire – zafiro

saturated compound – compuesto saturado

saturated solution – solucion saturada

saturation – saturacion

scale – escala, balanza

Scandium – escandio

scavenger – limpiador

scientific data – datos cientificos

scientific law – ley cientifica

scientific method – metodo cientifico

scientific model – modelo cientifico

scientific notation – notacion cientifica

scissors – tijeras

sealant – sellante

sedimentation – sedimentacion

sedimentation balance – balanza de sedimentacion

sedimentation potential – potencial de sedimentacion

secondary alcohol – alcohol secundario

seed crystal – cristal semilla

Selenium – selenio

semiconductor – semiconductor

semimicroanalysis – semimicroanalisis

semipermeable – semipermeable

semisynthetic – semisintetico

separation – separacion

sequestering agent – agente secuestrante

series – serie

serum – suero

sewage treatment – tratamiento de aguas residuales

shell – concha, envoltura

silica gel – silica gel

silicate – silicato

silicon – silicio

silicon carbide – carburo de silicio

silicone – silicona

silicone oil – aceite de silicona

silver – plata

single replacement – monosustitucion

sinter – aglomerado

sintered crucible – crisol aglomerado

slow oxidation – oxidacion lenta

sludge – sedimento

slurry – suspension

smelt – fundido

smog – niebla

soda – soda

soda ash – ceniza de soda

sodium – sodio

sodium chloride – cloruro de sodio

sodium hydroxide – hidroxido de sodio

sol – solucion saturada

solid phase – fase solida

solid solution – solucion solida

solidus – solido

soliquoid – soliquoide

solubility – solubilidad

solubility curve – curva de solubilidad

solubility product constant – constante del producto de solubilidad

solubility product expression – expresion del producto de solubilidad

solute – soluto

solution – solucion

solution equilibrium – equilibrio de solucion

solvent – solvente

sour – agrio

specific heat – calor especofico

specific gravity – gravedad especofica

spectral lines – lineas espectrales

spectrometer – espectrometro

spectroscopy – espectroscopoa

spontaneous chemical change – cambio quimico  espontoneo

spontaneous ignition – ignicion espontonea

stability – estabilidad

stability constant – constante de estabilidad

stabilization – estabilizacion

stabilizer – estabilizador

stable compound – compuesto estable

stain – mancha

standard calomel electrode – electrodo estandar de calomel

standard condition – condicion estandar

standard electrode potential – potencial de electrodo estandar

standard heat of formation – calor de formacion estandar

standard oxidation-reduction potential – potencial de oxidacion reduccion estandar

standard pressure – presion estandar

standard solution – solucion estandar

starch – almidon

state – estado

steam distillation – destilacion con vapor

stearic acid – acido esteorico

steel – acero

stereochemistry – estereoquimica

stereoisomer – estereoisomero

stoichiometry – estequiometroa

stopper – tapon

STP – presion y temperatura estandar

straight-chain compound – compuesto de cadena lineal

strip – tira

strong acid – acido fuerte

strong base – base fuerte

strong electrolyte – electrolito fuerte

Strontium – estroncio

structural formula – formula estructural

subatomic particle – particula subatomica

sublevel – subnivel

sublimate – sublimar

sublimation – sublimacion

sublime – sublimado

subscript – subscrito

subshell – semicapa

substance – sustancia

substitute – sustituto

substitution reaction – reaccion de sustitucion

substrate – substrato

sucrose – sacarosa

sulfur – azufre

sulfuric acid – acido sulforico

supercooled – superenfriado

superoxides – superoxidos

supersaturated solution – solucion sobresaturada

supersaturation – sobresaturacion

surface – superficie

surface activity – actividad superficial

surface-active agent – agente tenso-activo

surface area – area superficial

surface chemistry – quimica de la superficie

surface concentration excess – exceso de concentracion superficial

surface orientation – oritentacion superficial

surface reaction – reaccion superficial

surface tension – tension superficial

suspension – suspension

symbol – simbolo

synchroton – sincrotron

syndet – sindet

synthesis – sintesis

synthesis gas – gas de sintesis

synthetic resin – resina sintetica

tantalum – tantalo

tar – alquitron

tartaric acid – acido tartorico

technetium – tecnecio

technology – tecnologia

tellurium – telurio

temperature – temperatura

terbium – terbio

terephthalic acid – acido tereftolico

ternary – ternario

ternary acid – acido ternario

ternary compound – compuesto ternario

tertiary alcohol – alcohol terciario

Terylene – terileno

test tube – tubo de ensayo

test tube holder – soporte de tubo de ensayo

test tube rack – gradilla

tetrachloride – tetracloruro

tetraflouroethylene – tetrafluoroetileno

tetramer – tetromero

thallium – talio

theoretical plate – plato teorico

theory – teoria

thermal diffusion – difusion termica

thermal polymerization – polimerizacion termica

thermite – termita

thermobalance – termobalanza

thermochemistry – termoquimica

thermocouple – termopar

thermoform – termoforma

thermonuclear device – dispositivo termonuclear

thermonuclear reaction – reaccion termonuclear

thermoplastic – termoplostico

thermosetting – termoaplicar

thiamine – tiamina

thiol – tiol

thistle tube – tubo de cardo

Thorium – torio

Thulium – tulio

tin – estaoo

tincture – tintura

Titanium – titanio

titrant – titrante

titration – titulacion, valoracion

toluene – tolueno

toner – matizador

tongs – pinzas

torr – torriceli

trace element – elemento de trazas

tracer – trazador

transfer pipette – pipeta de transferencia

transference number – numero de transferencia

transition element – elemento de transicion

transition series – series de transicion

transmutation – transmutacion

transuranic element – elemento transuronico

triad – triada

trichloroethylene – tricloroetileno

trichloroflouromethane – triclorofluorometano

tricresyl phosphate – fosfato de tricresilo

tricyclic – tricoclico

triethanolamine – trietanolamina

triethylaluminum – trietil aluminio

triglyceride – triglicorido

trihydroxy alcohol – alcohol trihydroxolico

trioxide – trioxido

triple beam balance – balanza de brazo triple

triple bond – enlace triple

triple point – punto triple

Tritium – tritio

true solution – solucion verdadera

tubing – entubamiento

tungsten – tungsteno

tungsten carbide – carburo de tungsteno

two-hole stopper – tapon de dos orificios

ultimate analysis – analisis final

ultraviolet radiation – radiacion ultravioleta

uncertainty principle – principio de incertidumbre

uniform dispersion – dispersion uniforme

unit – unidad

unsaturated compound – compuesto insaturado

unsaturation – insaturacion

unstable compound – compuesto inestable

Uranium -uranio

vacuum condensing point – punto de condensacion al vacoo

vacuum crystallization – cristalizacion al vacoo

vacuum crystallizer – cristalizador al vacoo

vacuum distillation – destilacion al vacuo

valence – valencia

valence electrons – electrones de valencia

Vanadium – vanadio

Van der Waals force – fuerzas de Van der Waals

Van’t Hoff equation – ecuacion de Van’t Hoff

Van’t Hoff isochore – isocora de Van’t Hoff

Van’t Hoff isotherm – isoterma de Van’t Hoff

vapor – vapor

vapor pressure – presion de vapor

vapor pressure depression – disminucion de la presion de vapor

vehicle – vehiculo

velocity – velocidad

velocity of light – velocidad de la luz

vicinal – vecinal

vinegar – vinagre

vinyl – vinilo

vinyl chlorid – cloruro de vinilo

viscosity – viscosidad

viscous liquid – liquido viscoso

vitreous – votreo

volatile – volatil

volatility – volatilidad

volatilize – volatilizar

volt – voltio

voltage – voltaje

voltaic cell – celda voltaica

volume – volumen

volume bottle – botella de volumen

volumetric analysis – analisis volumotrico

volumetric flask – frasco volumetrico

volumetric pipet – pipeta volumetrica

vulcanization – vulcanizacion

water – agua

water gas – gas de agua

water glass – indicador de nivel de agua

water of crystallization – agua de cristalizacion

water of hydration – agua de hidratacion

water softening – ablandamiento de agua

water pollution – contaminacion del agua

water vapor – vapor de agua

wave – onda

wave length – longitud de onda

wave velocity -velocida de onda

waxes -ceras

weak acid – acido debil

weak base – base debil

weak electrolyte – electrolito debil

weighing bottle – frasco de pesadas

weight – peso

wire gauze – gasa de alambre

wood alcohol – alcohol de madera

xenon – xenon

X-ray – rayos X

xylene – xileno

yeast – levadura

ytterbium – iterbio

yttrium – itrio

zeolite – zeolita

zero group – grupo cero

zinc – zinc

zirconium – zirconio

zone refining – refinacion por zonas

Word Document at: 235 Spanish Chemistry Terms

Next: 236 Spanish Physics Terminology

Spanish Index

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