107 Spanish Architecture Terms


2-storey building – edificio de dos alturas

aisle – nave lateral

altarpiece – retablo

annexes – maclas

apertures (windows, doors, etc) – vanos

apse – abside

apse chapel – capilla absidal

artisans – menestrals

barrel vault bóv- eda de cañon

batten (strip of wood) – alfarjía

beams  – largueros

bearing wall- muro de carga

belfry   – campanario

bell gable – espadaña

bounday crosss (to mark the boundary of a territory)            – peirón

brick – ladrillo

builder, building contractor – constructor

buttress – contrafuerte

cadastre – catastro

canes – palmetas

caracol de mallorca – caracol de mallorca

carthusian monastery – cartuja

chapter (collected body of canons (persons)) – cabildo

chapter house  – capitulo

chief officer (of the fábrica de murs i valls) – sotsobrer

churchwarden – fabriquero

collar – almizate

completed punch list – certificado de obra

conract drawings – planos del aquitecto

convent outhouses, or conventual buildings – dependencias de convento

corbel (bracket) – ménsula

cornice – cornisa

cufic inscriptions – inscripciones cúficas

cut stone, ashlar – fábricas desillería

cutwater – tajamar

debris tubbing – tubos de desescombro

decorative plaited ribbons – lacería

design  – distribución

design, referring to the way it is conceived or integrated – aparejo

developer – promotor

diseño – montea

dockyard, shipyard – atarazana

door frame – marco de puerta

double shafts window            – columnilla geminada, para ventanas

drip cap – alfiz

east end (where the sanctuary is) – cabecera

electrical box – caja eléctrica

electrical outlets – puntos del luz

entance or doorway – entrada

epistle side – lado de la epístola

false ceiling – falso techo

false work or centering – apeo

farmstead – alquería

fire-resistant rating – grado de protección al fuego

fire-resistant – inífuga

floor plan – plano del piso

flooring – holladero

flying buttress – arbotantes

formwork – encofrado

foundation – cimentación

front elevation (or front view)            – alzado (dibujo)

fuse box – caja de fusibles

gables (cornered upper end of a wall where it meets the roof) – gablete

gables (cornered upper end of a wall where it meets the roof) – faldones (de la cubierta de..)

girder   – viga de carga

gospel side – evangelio (lado del)

gospel side – lado del evangelio

gothic  – ojival

groined vault – bóveda aristada

group of houses (housing estate) – caserío

guilds, guildhalls – cofradía

guilds, guildhalls – sedes de las cofradías

herring-bone work – aparejo de espina de pez

hewn stone – piedra labrada

if referred to an arch, transverse arch – fajón

impost – imposta

insulation – aislamientos

irrigation ditch            – acequia

isotropic – isótropo

jambs – jambas

joist – vigueta

land registry – registro de la propiedad

late gothic – gótico tardío

layout – disposición

level – a nivel

lierne vaulting – bóvedas con terceletes

load – carga

lobbed vault, sail vault – bóveda vaída

lobe – lóbulo

masking – enmascaramiento

masonry – mampostería

master mason  – maestro de obras

means “quitar el polvo” – polsar

mendicant – mendicant

modillion – modillón

morish quarter – morería

mortar  – argamasa

moulded brickwork – ladrillo aplantillado

moulded,  moulding – moldurado

moulding – baquetones

moulding – molduración

mouldings – perfiles de molduras

mudejar – mudejares

municipal office for walls and sewers – fábrica de murs i valls

nave – nave

niche – casilicio

niches – arcosolios

oak panelled door – puerta chapada en roble

of poligonal shape – ochavado

ogee arch – arco conopial

openwork gable – labor de claraboya

openwork gable – tracería calada

ornamented with tracery – labor de claraboya

overlaid – solapado

palmette – palmetas

pannelled timber ceiling, or flat timber ceiling – alfarjes

pendant – pijante

pilaster – pilastra

pillar; if enormous, pier – pilar

plan, floor plan – planta (dibujo)

planning permission – permiso de obras

plastering – enlucido

pointed barrel vault – bóveda de cañón apuntado

pointed design            – trazado apuntado

pyramidal spire – aguja piramidal

rafter – par

rampant – rampante

refined architecture – arquitectura culta

reinforced concrete – hormigón armado

renovation – reforma de piso

retaining wall – muro de contención

rhomboid shape – aparejo romboidal

ribbed vaults – bóveda de crucería

ribs – nervios

rigging, tackle – aparejo

roof covering   – cubierta

roof truss / arch centre, timber frames – cercha

rotted girders  – vigas podridas

rough plumbing – instalación de fontanería

rowlock – dispuestos a rosca

rubble  – sillarejo

semi-circular arch – medio punto (arco de)

semi-dome – bóveda de cuarto de esfera

severies, web, vault compartment – plementos, plementería

shingles, lath – chillas

shower tub – plato de ducha

shuttering, formwork – cimbras

side arch – arco formero

side arch – formero

side elevation – perfil (dibujo)

skid – contenedor de desescombros

slab floor – forjado

solid brick – de ladrillo sólido

southern gothic – gótico meridional

span – crujía

span – vano

spandrel (triangular area betwen extradoses of two adjoining arches) – enjutas

spherical vaulting – rampante redondo (bóveda)

spiral stairway – escalera de caracol

springers – enjarjes

squinches – trompas

squinches, pendentives – pechinas

sterotomy (referring to the art of stone cutting) – esterotomía

stone cut groin vaults  – bóvedas aristadas de cantería

stone-made slabs – losas de piedra

subsidence – hundimiento de forjado

template – motles

template – plantilla

the springing of the ribs – arranque de los nervios

thrust   – empuje

tie beams – tirantes

tiercerons or liern vaults – terceletes

timbrel vault – bóveda tabicada

top slab – forjado

transverse archs – fajones

triangular truss – cuchillo

trussed rafter roof – armadura de par y nudillo

vaults   – bóveda

voussoir, usan la palabra francesa – dóvelas

ward/ hospital nave – nave (de hospital)

water lines – conductos de agua

west end (entrance) – pies

window openings – huecos de ventana

wire mesh – mallazo

wooden section – escuadrías

wreathed ribs – nervio torsos

wreathed – sogueados

Next: 108 Spanish Legal Terms

Spanish Index

Word Document at: 107 Spanish Architecture Terms

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s