Chapter 03: Developing Through the Life Span

Prenatal Development and the Newborn


Prenatal Development

The Competent Newborn

Infancy and Childhood

Physical Development

Cognitive Development

Social Development

Parents and Peers

Parent Influence

Peer Influence

Thinking About Nature and Nurture

Developing Through the Life Span

Twin and Adoption Studies

Separated Twins

Biological Versus

Piaget’s Theory and Current Thinking

Sensorimotor Stage

Preoperational Stage


Theory of Mind

Concrete Operational Stage

Formal Operational Stage

Reflecting on Piaget’s Theory

Social Development

Origins of Attachment

Attachment Differences

Secure Attachment

Insecure Attachment

Attachment Differences: Why?

Separation Anxiety

Deprivation of Attachment

Prolonged Deprivation

Child-Rearing Practices

Authoritative Parenting

How Much Credit (or Blame) Do Parents Deserve?

Peer Influence


Physical Development

Cognitive Development

Social Development

Emerging Adulthood

Thinking About Continuity and Stages

Primary Sexual Characteristics

Secondary Sexual Characteristics

Brain Development

Frontal Cortex

Cognitive Development

Developing Reasoning Power

Developing Morality

3 Basic Levels of Moral Thinking


Social Development

Forming an Identity

Parent and Peer Influence

Emerging Adulthood


Physical Development

Middle Adulthood

Old Age: Sensory Abilities

Old Age: Motor Abilities

Cognitive Development

Aging and Memory

Aging and Intelligence

Social Development

Adulthood’s Ages and Stages

Adulthood’s Commitments

Well-Being Across the Life Span

Successful Aging

Death and Dying

WereVerse Universe Baby!

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