021 Spanish To Do or Make


Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like hacer, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

In the present tense, hacer (ah-sehr) (to do/make) has an irregular yo form, but otherwise it conjugates like a regular -er verb. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Hacer

Conjugation                Translation

yo hago                        I do

tú haces                        You (informal) do

él/ella/ello/uno hace      He/she/one does

usted hace                    You (formal) do

nosotros hacemos         We do

vosotros hacéis             You all (informal) do

ellos/ellas hacen           They do

ustedes hacen               You all (formal) do

The following examples show you hacer in action:

  • ¿Haces tu trabajo con buena voluntad? (Do you do your work willingly?)
  • Yo hago mi trabajo en silencio. (I do my work in silence.)

In the preterit, hacer has an irregular stem: hic-. The third-person singular form undergoes a c-to-z spelling-change to preserve the correct pronunciation. Notice also that hacer doesn’t have the accent marks regular verbs use in the preterit. Take a look:

The Preterit Tense of Hacer

Conjugation               Translation

yo hice                         I did

tú hiciste                      You (informal) did

él/ella/ello/uno hizo      He/she/one did

usted hizo                    You (formal) did

nosotros hicimos          We did

vosotros hicisteis         You all (informal) did

ellos/ellas hicieron        They did

ustedes hicieron           You all (formal) did

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • Hice mucho ejercicio anoche. (I exercised a lot last night.)
  • Los turistas hicieron una parada en Madrid. (The tourists made a stop in Madrid.)

Good news: Hacer conjugates regularly in the imperfect form. Check out the following table and examples.

The Imperfect Tense of Hacer

Conjugation                 Translation

yo hacía                         I used to do

tú hacías                        You (informal) used to do

él/ella/ello/uno hacía      He/she/one used to do

usted hacía                    You (formal) used to do

nosotros hacíamos         We used to do

vosotros hacíais             You all (informal) used to do

ellos/ellas hacían            They used to do

ustedes hacían               You all (formal) used to do

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • ¿Hacían ustedes buenas obras? (Did you used to do good works?)
  • Si. Hacíamos buenas obras siempre. (Yes. We always used to do good works.)

Hacer also has an irregular stem in the future tense: har-. However, it does use the normal future endings:

The Future Tense of Hacer

Conjugation               Translation

yo hare                         I will do

tú harás                        You (informal) will do

él/ella/ello/uno hará      He/she/one will do

usted hará                    You (formal) will do

nosotros haremos         We will do

vosotros haréis             You all (informal) will do

ellos/ellas harán            They will do

ustedes harán               You all (formal) will do

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • Yo haré el pastel este fin de semana. (I will make the cake this weekend.)
  • ¿Harán ellos sus deberes escolares? (Will they do their school work?)

Links

http://www.ielanguages.com/spanish2.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpQUzXUdPZ4

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q9YIrYG7uIk

Next: 022a Spanish Work

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Word Document at: 021 To Do or Make

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