Buddhist Terminology – Trilingual


The Buddha’s Life in easy to remember picture form.

 

English, (Japanese), [Sanskrit]

 

 Four Noble Truths, (shitai), [Erya-satya]

1)Truth of Suffering, (kutai), [duhka]

2)Truth of Cause, (jittai), [samudEya]

3)Truth of Extinction, (mettai), [nirodha]

4)Truth of the Path, (dÅtai), []

 

Eightfold Path, (), [ashtangika-mErga]

1)Right View, (shÅ-ken), [samyagdristhi]

2)Right Thinking, (shÅ-shi), [samyak-samkalpa]

3)Right Speech, (shÅ-go), [samyag-vEch]

4)Right Action, (shÅ-gyÅ), [samyak-karmEnta]

5)Right Living, (shÅ-myÅ), [samyag-Ejiva]

6)Right Endeavor, (shÅ-shÅjin), [samyag-vyEyamE]

7)Right Memory, (shÅ-nen), [samyak-smriti]

8)Right Meditation, (shÅ-jÅ), [samyak-samEdhi]

 

Six Perfections, (), [paramitas]

1)Donations, (fuse), [dEna-pEramitE]

2)Keeping the Precepts, (jikai), [shhla-pEramitE]

3)Perseverance, (ninniku), [ksEnti-pEramitE]

4)Assiduity, (shÅjin), [vhrya-pEramitE]

5)Meditation, (zenjÅ), [dhyEna-pEramitE]

6)Wisdom, (chie), [prajñE-pEramitE]

 

Seal of the Three Laws, (sambÅ-in), [dharmas]

1)All things are impermanent, (shogyÅ mujÅ), [anitya]

2)Nothing has an ego, (shohÅ muga), [anatman]

3)Nirvana is tranquility, (nehan jakujÅ), []

Doctrine of Reality of All Existence, (shoho jisso), []

Law of the Twelve Causes, (juni-innen), [paticca-samuppEda]

1)Ignorance (mumyÅ), [avidyE]

2)Actions (gyÅ),[samskEra]

3)Consciousness (shiki), [vijnEna]

4)Name and Form (myÅ-shiki), [nEmE-rñpa]

5)Six Entrances (rokunyñ), [sad-Eyatana]

6)Contact (soku), [sparsha]

7)Sensation (ju), [vedanE]

8)Desire (ai), [trsnE]

9)Clinging (shu), [updEnE]

10)Existence (u), [bhava]

11)Birth (shÅ), [jEti]

12)Old Age and Death (rÅ-shi), [jarE-marana]

Transmigration, (rinne), [samsEra]

Six Worlds, (rokudÅ), []

1)Hell, (jigoku), []

2)Hungry Spirits, (gaki), []

3)Animals, (chikushÅ), []

4)Demons, (shura), []

5)Human Beings, (ningen), []

6)Heaven, (tenjÅ), []

7)(shÅmon), [sravakas]

8)(engaku), [pratyekabuddhas]

9) (bosatsu), [bodhisattvas]

10)(butsu), [buddhas]

(gÅ), [karma]

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