Describe a Trend


Vocabulary for Describing Trends

Word Part   of Speech Example   Sentences
increase verb:   to increase, is increasing, has increased, increased
noun: an increase of $5,554m
an increase in spending of $5,554m
Total expenditure increased from   $33,611m to $39,165m from 1995 to 1996.
From 1995 to 1996 there was an increase in expenditure of   $5,554m.
decrease verb:   to decrease, is decreasing, has decreased, decreased
noun: a decrease of 0.7%
a decrease in spending of 0.7%
Expenditure on primary education decreased   from 22.2% to 21.5% from 1995 to 1996.
From 1995 to 1996 there was a decrease in expenditure of   0.7%.
rise verb:   to rise, is rising, has risen, rose
noun: a rise of $5,554m
a rise in spending of $5,554m
Total expenditure rose from   $33,611m to $39,165m from 1995 to 1996.
From 1995 to 1996 there was a rise in expenditure of   $5,554m.
fall verb:   to fall, is falling, has fallen, fell
noun: a fall of 0.7%
a fall in spending of 0.7%
Expenditure on primary education fell   from 22.2% to 21.5% from 1995 to 1996.
From 1995 to 1996 there was a fall in expenditure of 0.7%.
drop verb:   to drop, is dropping, has dropped, dropped
noun: a drop of 0.7%
a drop in spending of 0.7%
Expenditure on primary education dropped   from 22.2% to 21.5% from 1995 to 1996.
From 1995 to 1996 there was a drop in expenditure of 0.7%.
to   be financed by verb:   to be financed by, is financed by, has been financed by,   was financed by
meaning: to be paid for (e.g. money is transferred from one budget   to another)
The increase in spending in this sector was   financed by decreases in other sectors.
_ing   forms After   an introductory clause that includes some analysis; e.g. ‘Spending rose in   all three years’, an ‘_ing’ form can be used to describe numbers and dates. Spending rose in all three years, increasing   from 17.6% to 18% from 1995 to 1996, and then rising again   to 18.2% in 1997-8.

 

Expenditure on Education in Hong Kong 1995 to 1998

Breakdown   of spending 1995-6 1996-7 1997-8
Total   expenditure ($ million) 33,611 39,165 45,315
As   % of government budget 17.6% 18% 18.2%
%   spent onprimary   educationsecondary   educationtertiary   education 22.2%
33.7%
35.9%
.
21.5%
33.2%
36.7%
.
21.6%
33.5%
35.9%
.

Source: Hong Kong 1998. Hong Kong: Government Printer

Trend Graphics

The students will describe the graphic assigned to that student to the other students.

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